This is an outgrowth of my broader project on Nordic identity and regionalism. I have in particular focused on the movements in World War I-period Sweden, Finland and Estonia that advocated a form of Swedish foreign policy activism. They hoped to see Sweden ally itself with Germany and enter the war against Russia with the intention of reconquering Finland and the Baltic Provinces, which once upon a time also had been Swedish. What makes these movements particularly interesting is that the Finns and the Estonians genuinely looked upon neutral Sweden as a possible saviour, forging links with radical conservative (and in some ways proto-radical right wing) movements in Sweden. This project has produced this far a multitude of journal articles, conference papers and a special issue of the Estonian Historical Journal (co-edited with Carl Marklund).

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